Skin pigmentation leads to changes in skin color. It usually occurs when the melanin content in the body alters, which is responsible for the skin’s color.
In hyperpigmentation, the skin darkens, which may occur abruptly or in patches. It can happen due to some underlying medical condition or as a normal part of aging. The common type of hyperpigmentation is aging spots, also called liver spots.
Usually, hyperpigmentation is a harmless and non-contiguous skin disorder. For most people, it is more of a cosmetic issue. It can cover small patches or large areas of the body. Sometimes it may affect the entire body.
Types of hyperpigmentation
The most common types of hyperpigmentation include the following-
What causes skin pigmentation?
One of the most common causes of skin pigmentation is sun exposure, which affects the body parts most frequently exposed to it. The greater is exposure to the sun, the greater the risk of increased skin pigmentation. Apart from sun exposure, other causes include-
What are the symptoms of skin pigmentation?
When to see a doctor?
Generally, hyperpigmentation can be prevented in the following ways-
Mostly, the dark areas fade over time with good sun protection. However, aggressive treatment is needed if they are not fading and have become persistent. If you don’t like the pigmented areas and patches on the skin, seek medical attention.
Contact SKINX to get the most effective treatment for skin pigmentation from the best dermatologists in Hyderabad.