Polydactyly Surgery

Polydactyly is a congenital condition characterized by the presence of extra fingers or toes. While this condition may not always cause functional impairments, surgical intervention is often recommended to address aesthetic concerns and optimize hand or foot function. At Dr. YV Rao Clinics, we specialize in polydactyly surgery, offering tailored treatment plans to meet each patient's unique needs.

Assessment and Planning

Before proceeding with polydactyly surgery, our team conducts a comprehensive evaluation to assess the location, size, and functionality of the extra digit(s). This evaluation helps determine the most appropriate surgical approach and ensures optimal outcomes.

Surgical Techniques

Polydactyly surgery involves various techniques depending on the specific characteristics of the extra digits and the patient's individual circumstances. Common surgical approaches include

  • Digit Removal: In cases where the extra digit is small and non-functional, surgical removal may be sufficient to correct the anomaly. This straightforward procedure typically involves excising the extra tissue and closing the wound with sutures.
  • Digit Reconstruction: For more complex cases involving larger or functional extra digits, reconstructive surgery may be necessary. This may involve reshaping the extra digit to resemble a normal finger or toe or integrating it into the existing hand or foot structure.
  • Pollicization: In cases of thumb polydactyly, pollicization may be performed, where one of the extra fingers is transformed into a functional thumb. This technique can significantly improve hand function and aesthetics.
  • Toe-to-Thumb Transfer: In severe cases of thumb hypoplasia or absence, a toe-to-thumb transfer may be considered. This complex procedure involves transplanting a toe to replace the missing or underdeveloped thumb, restoring grip and pinch functions.

Recovery and Rehabilitation

Following polydactyly surgery, patients undergo a period of recovery and rehabilitation to optimize outcomes and restore hand or foot function. Our team provides comprehensive post-operative care, including wound care, pain management, and physical therapy to promote healing and mobility.

Follow-Up Care

Regular follow-up appointments are scheduled to monitor healing, assess progress, and address any concerns or complications. Our team remains accessible to patients and their families, providing ongoing support and guidance throughout the recovery process.


  • Improved Aesthetics: Polydactyly surgery can enhance the appearance of the hand or foot, reducing self-consciousness and improving self-esteem.
  • Enhanced Functionality: By correcting extra digits and optimizing hand or foot alignment, surgery can improve grip strength, dexterity, and overall function.
  • Prevention of Complications: Surgical intervention can help prevent complications associated with untreated polydactyly, such as difficulty wearing shoes or gloves and social stigma.

If you or your child is considering polydactyly surgery, we're here to help. Contact Dr. YV Rao Clinics to schedule a consultation and learn more about our specialized services in congenital limb differences.

When is surgery recommended for polydactyly?

Surgery for polydactyly is typically recommended when the extra digit interferes with hand or foot function, causes discomfort, or affects the appearance of the limb. The timing of surgery depends on the individual case and may be performed in infancy, childhood, or later in life.

Will there be any long-term effects after polydactyly surgery?

In most cases, individuals who undergo polydactyly surgery can expect good outcomes with minimal long-term effects. However, some individuals may experience mild residual differences in hand or foot function, sensation, or appearance. Regular follow-up can help address any concerns that arise.

Can polydactyly surgery be performed on infants?

Yes, polydactyly surgery can be performed on infants, although the timing may vary depending on the individual case and the preferences of the healthcare provider and parents. Early intervention may be recommended to address functional and cosmetic concerns.

What are the goals of polydactyly surgery?

The goals of polydactyly surgery are to improve hand or foot function, achieve a cosmetically pleasing appearance, and minimize any associated deformities or abnormalities. The specific goals may vary depending on the type and severity of polydactyly.

At what age is polydactyly usually diagnosed?

Polydactyly is typically diagnosed shortly after birth during routine physical examination or prenatal ultrasound imaging.