Piles Treatment in Hyderabad, India

What is hemorrhoid or piles?

Hemorrhoid or piles is a disease associated with the anus and rectum. When there is inflammation of the veins in a person's anus and rectum, the person exhibits symptoms of hemorrhoid or piles.

Type of Piles

There are 4 types of piles - internal hemorrhoids, prolapsed hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids and thrombosed external hemorrhoids.

Internal Hemorrhoids

A person has internal hemorrhoids when there is inflammation of the veins within the rectum. These are inflammation of the veins encased in a mucous membrane a few centimeters above the anus. The disease causes bleeding and pains to persons when they pass stools.

Internal hemorrhoids manifests into 3 grades.

In grade 1, they reside inside without protruding out of the anus and may cause bleeding.

In grade 2, they reside inside but protrude when passing stools and retract involuntarily.

In grade3, they reside inside but protrude when passing stools and the person can reinsert into the anus by using the finger.

Prolapsed Hemorrhoids

A person has prolapsed hemorrhoids when the hemorrhoids appear outside the anus. These stay outside the anus causing bleeding and pain.

Thrombosed External Hemorrhoids

A person has thrombosed external hemorrhoids when hemorrhoids split due to inflammation forming a painful clot.

External Hemorrhoids

A person has external hemorrhoids when hemorrhoids appear outside around the anus. They are painful, swollen dilated veins known as perianal hematoma or external piles.

Symptoms

While benign hemorrhoids show no symptoms, some types of hemorrhoids show symptoms of pain in the anus and bleeding.

Typically, symptoms of hemorrhoids include.

  • Pain around the anus - due to the pain-sensing nerves within them
  • Bleeding due to tear of veins
  • Bleeding while moving bowels
  • Scarring or skin tags - causes cleaning problems after passing stools; may cause secondary skin infections
  • Itching around the anus
  • Mucous discharge
  • Passing colored stools

A person with hemorrhoids can exhibit severe symptoms depending on the type of hemorrhoids.

Causes

There are many reasons why hemorrhoids occur and they include

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Indifferent bowel movements or habits
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Imbalanced diet
  • Hereditary factors
  • Aging
  • Obesity
  • Pressure on abdomen due to pregnancy or hormonal changes
  • Use of some types of medicine such as narcotic medication

Besides the above, there are other causes such as chronic cough and continuous use of antibiotics and other allopathic drugs.

Treatment of hemorrhoids

Treatment of hemorrhoids comprises several methods - changes in lifestyle, medicines, non- surgical and surgical interventions.

Changes in lifestyle

Often hemorrhoids manifest when a person follows a poor lifestyle. Lifestyle changes such as eating healthy fiber rich foods, drinking lots of water and regular exercises can help to relieve hemorrhoids symptoms.

Medicines

Some medicines can help relieve symptoms of hemorrhoids. Corticosteroids, paracetamols, mild laxatives, pain killers, ointments and creams can help in the treatment of hemorrhoids.

Non-surgical treatments

Several out-patient non-surgical treatments such as diathermy, electrotherapy, infra-red light therapy, sclerotherapy and banding help to relieve symptoms.

Surgery

Surgery is one of the treatments for acute hemorrhoids. The two surgical procedures include haemorrhoidectomy and haemorrhoidopexy. These surgeries depend on the type of hemorrhoids a patient suffers from and carried out under general anesthesia. A new treatment is the use of laser known as haemorrhoidectomy.

Non-Laser and Laser Surgery for Treatment of Hemorrhoids

The two types of treatments are useful for specific hemorrhoids conditions. It is not that laser treatment can replace all non-laser treatments. Wherever the substitution is possible the patient can discern the difference quite easily such as

  • Cutting the hemorrhoids mass in non-laser surgery and absence of cutting in laser surgery
  • Use of general anesthesia in non-laser surgery as against local anesthesia in laser surgery
  • Hardly any blood loss in laser surgery
  • Confined to hospital for a few days to undergo non-laser surgery against just 4 hours as outpatient in laser surgery
  • Prolonged post-operative treatment in non-laser surgery
  • Recurrence possible in non-laser surgery

Whenever the option is available, it is advantageous for patients to undergo laser surgery instead of non-laser surgery.

Hemorrhoids Treatment in Hyderabad

For the best treatment of hemorrhoids in Hyderabad, patients should visit the Dr Y V Rao Clinic in Hyderabad. The clinic boasts doctors highly experienced in surgical treatment of hemorrhoids using either laser or non-laser surgery.